The last composer in our brief survey of Polish music is Witold Lutosławski.
Lutosławski’s style changed considerably during the course of his career, moving from Bartokian folk-based pieces (for instance, the Concerto for Orchestra) through to the ‘limited aleatoricism’ of Jeux vénitiens [Venetian Games] and later works. And yet there is an indefinable something in all the music – both early and late – which remains essentially Lutosławski.
Here members of the Philharmonia Orchestra discuss Lutosławski’s application of aleatoricism as heard in the opening section of Venetian Games; and, below that, the National Youth Orchestra of Great Britain conducted by Edward Gardner do an astonishing job on the Concerto for Orchestra.
More on modes plus those (useful!) hardy perennials:
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