Tag Archives: Act 2 & 3

The circle closes

The fire, flood and apocalypse of the last scene of Götterdämmerung are a major challenge to stage. Here’s the 1992 Bayreuth solution to the multiple problems of the horse, Grane; the funeral pyre; inundation; and the destruction of Valhalla:

(The Harry Kupfer and Daniel Barenboim Ring. Bayreuth 1992. Götterdämmerung Act 3 Scene 3 Immolation Scene
Anne Evans: Brunnhilde soprano, Philip Kang: Hagen bass)

…but, whatever the staging, there’s always redemption and love.



General course materials:


Cycle of 5ths

Any copyrighted material on these pages is included as “fair use/dealing”, for the purpose of study, and critical analysis only, and will be removed at the request of the copyright owner(s).