The circle closes

The fire, flood and apocalypse of the last scene of Götterdämmerung are a major challenge to stage. Here’s the 1992 Bayreuth solution to the multiple problems of the horse, Grane; the funeral pyre; inundation; and the destruction of Valhalla: (The Harry Kupfer and Daniel Barenboim Ring. Bayreuth 1992. Götterdämmerung Act 3 Scene 3 Immolation Scene Anne Evans: Brunnhilde […]

The beginning of the end

Götterdämmerung begins with a prologue: the Norns, daughters of Erde; spinners of past, present and future, weave their golden rope by night. To their horror and astonishment, the rope breaks; in consternation they sink into the depths of the earth, seeking their mother. Siegfried and Brünnhilde enter… (First half of Götterdämmerung, with Siegfried Jerusalem in […]